Efectos agudos y crónicos del uso de máscaras de entrenamiento en altura durante el ejercicio

una revisión

Palabras clave: Máscaras de entrenamiento en altura, Entrenamiento en condiciones de hipoxia, Entrenamiento en altura simulada

Resumen

La denominada Máscara de Entrenamiento en Altura (ETM) se comercializa con el propósito de emular la hipoxia imperante en diferentes niveles de altitud. El presente trabajo revisa los estudios que analizan los efectos agudos y crónicos del uso de ETM sobre variables asociadas al rendimiento físico. Aunque existe controversia, la mayoría de los trabajos reportan una respuesta hipóxica aguda y mejoras de parámetros cardiorrespiratorios derivados del uso de ETM, además de ser, en términos generales, bien tolerada. Para el entrenamiento de fuerza, su uso podría ser perjudicial. Se necesitan más estudios con diferentes poblaciones e intervenciones de mayor duración.

Biografía del autor/a

Andrés Santiago Parodi Feye, Instituto Superior de Educación Física, Udelar.

Docente del Instituto Superior de Educación Física (ISEF – Udelar)

Docente del Instituto Universitario Asociación Cristiana de Jóvenes (IUACJ)

Carlos Magallanes, Instituto Superior de Educación Física, Udelar.

Universidad de la República, Instituto Superior de Educación Física, Departamento de Educación Física y Salud.

Dr. en Educación Física por la Universidade Gama Filho , Brasil.

 

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Publicado
2019-11-30
Cómo citar
Parodi Feye, A. S., & Magallanes, C. (2019). Efectos agudos y crónicos del uso de máscaras de entrenamiento en altura durante el ejercicio: una revisión. Revista Universitaria De La Educación Física Y El Deporte, (12), 53-65. https://doi.org/10.28997/ruefd.v0i12.6
Sección
Artículo de revisión