Los métodos para la determinación del consumo de oxígeno, la economía de la natación y el costo de la energía en la natación

  • Flávio Antônio de Souza Castro IUACJ
Palabras clave: natación, consumo de oxígeno, métodos, costo

Resumen

El consumo de oxígeno y sus variantes de natación de la economía y los costos de energía, son variables fisiológicas y biofísicos clave para el rendimiento en la natación. Hay numerosos métodos desarrollados para la medición del consumo de oxígeno en la forma debido a las características ambientales. Este artículo tiene como objetivo revisar estos métodos y sus resultados. Su objetivo es sacar a la luz la discusión cientíica la necesidad de desarrollar una mejor tecnología en el área que sea accesible no sólo a los laboratorios, pero los equipos competitivos que buscan en la evaluación de una herramienta de apoyo al proceso de formación.

Biografía del autor/a

Flávio Antônio de Souza Castro, IUACJ
Laboratorio de Investigación de Ejercicio. Escuela de Educación Física. Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil.

Citas

BARBOSA, T, FERNANDES, R, KESKINEN, KL, COLAÇO, P, CARDOSO, C, SILVA, J, VILAS-BOAS, JP. Evaluation of the energy expenditure in competitive swimming strokes. international Journal of Sports Medicine, v. 27, n. 11, p. 894-899, 2006.

BONEN A, WILSON, BA, YARKONY, M, BELCASTRO, AN. Maximal oxygen uptake during free, tethered, and lume swimming. Journal of Applied Physiology, v. 48, n. 2, p. 232- 235, 1980.

CAPELLI, C, PENDERGAST, D, TERMIN, B. Energetics of swimming at maximal speed in humans. European Journal of Applied Physiology, v. 78, p. 385-93, 1998.

CAPELLI, C. Physiological determinants of best performance in human locomotion. European Journal of Applied Physiology, v. 80, p. 298-307, 1999.

CARDELLI, C, LERDA, R, CHOLLET, D. Analysis of breathing in the crawl as a function of skill and stroke characteristics. Perceptual and Motor Skills, v. 90, p. 979-987, 2000.

CARRÉ, F, DASSONVILLE, J, BEILLOT, J, PRIGENT, JY, ROCHCONGAR, P. Use of oxygen uptake recovery curve to predict peak oxygen uptake in upper body exercise. European Journal of Applied Physiology, v. 69, p. 258-261, 1994.

CHATARD, JC, COLLOMP, C, MAGLISCHO, E, MAGLISCHO, C. Swimming skill and stroking characteristics of front crawl swimmers. International Journal of Sports Medicine, v. 11, p. 156-161, 1990a.

CHATARD, JC, LAVOIE, JM, LACOUR, JR. Energy cost of frontcrawl swimming in women. European Journal of Applied Physiology, v. 63, p. 12-16, 1991a.

DEMARIE, S, SARDELLA, F, BILLAT, V, MAGINI, W, FAINA, M. The VO2 slow component in swimming. European Journal of Applied Physiology, v. 84, p. 95-99, 2001.

FERNANDES, RJ, CARDOSO, CS, SOARES, SM, ASCENÇÃO, A, COLAÇO, PJ, VILAS BOAS, JP. Time Limit and VO2 Slow Component at Intensities Corresponding to VO2 max in Swimmers. International Journal of Sports Medicine, v. 24, p. 576-581, 2003.

GULLSTRAND, L. Swimming as an Endurance Sport. In: SHEPARD, R.; ASTRAND, P. (Org.). endurance in Sport. Oxford: Blackwell Scientiic Publications, 1992. cap. 55, p. 531- 541.

HÓLMÉR, I. Physiology of swimming man. exercise and Sports Science Review, v. 7, p. 87-123, 1979.

KONSTANTAKI, M, SWAINE, IL. Lactate and Cardiopulmonary Responses to Simulate Arm-Pulling and Leg-Kicking in Collegiate and Recreational Swimmers. International Journal of Sports Medicine, v. 20, p. 118-121, 1999.

LÉGER, LA, SELIGER, V, BRASSARD, L. Backward extrapolation of VO2max values from the O2 recovery curve. Medicine and Science in Sports and exercise, v. 12, n. 1, p. 24-27, 1980.

MILLET, GP, CANDAU, R. Facteurs mécaniques du coût énergé- tique dans trois locomotions humaines. Science & Sports, v. 17, p. 166-176, 2002.

MONTPETIT, R, LÉGER, L. LAVOIE, JM, CAZORLA, G. VO2 Peak During Free Swimming Using the Backward Extrapolation of the O2 Recovery Curve. European Journal of Applied Physiology, v. 47, p. 385-391, 1981.

OGITA, F. Energetics in competitive swimming and its application for training. Revista Portuguesa de Ciências do Desporto, v. 6, s. 2, p.117-121, 2006.

PENDERGAST, D, ZAMPARO, P, DIPRAMPERO, PE, CAPELLI, C, CERRETELLI, P TERMIN, A, CRAIG JR, A., BUSHNELL, D, PASCHKE, D, MOLLENDORF, J. Energy balance of human locomotion in water. European Journal of Applied Physiology, v. 90, p. 377-386, 2003.

PRIOUX, J, AYOUB, J, HOUEL, N, BERGER, M, RAMONATXO, M, PRÉFAUT, C. Effets de l’entraînement sur les potentials aérobie et anaérobie de jeunes nageurs. Exercise realize avec les bras. Science & Sports, v. 16, p. 306-14, 2001.

POUJADE, B, HAUTIER, C, ROUARD, A. Influence de la morpholgie, de VO2max et du coût énergetique sur la performance en natation chez de jeunes nageurs. Science & Sports, v. 18, p. 182-187, 2003.

RIBEIRO, JP, CADAVID, E, BAENA, J, MANSALVETE, E, BARNA, A, DE ROSE, EH. Metabolic predictors of middle-distance swimming performance. British Journal of Sports Medicine, v. 24, n. 3, p. 196-206, 1990.

RINEHARDT, KF, KRAEMMER, RR, GORMELY, S, COLAN, S. Comparison of Maximal Oxygen Uptakes from the Tethered, the 183- and 457-Meter Unimpeded Supramaximal Freestyle Swims. International Journal of Sports Medicine, v. 12, p. 6-9, 1991.

SLEIVERT, G, MACKINNON, LT. The validation of backward extrapolation of submaximal oxygen consumption from the oxygen recovery curve. European Journal of Applied Physiology, v. 63, p. 135-139, 1991.

TOUSSAINT, HM, HOLLANDER, AP. Energetics of competitive swimming, Implications for training programmes. Sports Medicine, v. 18, n. 6, p. 384-405, 1994.

WAKAYOSHI, K, D’ACqUISTO, LJ, CAPPAERT, JM, TROUP, JP. Relationship Between Oxygen Uptake, Stroke Rate and Swimming Velocity in Competitive Swimming. International Journal of Sports Medicine, v. 16, p. 19-23, 1995.

ZAMPARO, P, PENDERGAST, DR, MOLLENDORF, J, TERMIN, A, MINETTI, AE. An energy balance of front crawl. European Journal of Applied Physiology, v. 94, p. 134-144, 2005a.

ZAMPARO, P, BONIFAZI, M, FAINA, M, MILAN, A, SARDELLA, F, SCHENA, F, CAPELLI, C. Energy cost of swimming of elite long-distance swimmers. European Journal of Applied Physiology, v. 94, p. 697-704, 2005b.

Publicado
2015-06-17
Cómo citar
de Souza Castro, F. (2015). Los métodos para la determinación del consumo de oxígeno, la economía de la natación y el costo de la energía en la natación. Revista Universitaria De La Educación Física Y El Deporte, (2), 13-18. Recuperado a partir de http://revistasiuacj.edu.uy/index.php/rev1/article/view/12
Sección
Artículos científicos